Palo Alto Networks Certified Cybersecurity Associate (PCCSA)

Palo Alto Networks make security products. In particular, they sell firewalls (physical and virtual), and their Panorama software will let you manage multiple firewalls centrally (e.g. for branch offices). Their certification program has 3 tiers: Entry level Administrator Engineer Palo Alto Networks offer free training for all of these, although you have to pay for […]


Cisco have offered the CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) since 1998, but it’s been through a few variations over the years. They’ve changed the syllabus and the number of exams: Year Part 1 Part 2 Combined 1998 CCNA (640-407) 2000 CCNA (640-507) 2002 CCNA (640-607) 2003 INTRO (640-821) ICND (640-811) CCNA (640-801) 2007 ICND1 (640-822) […]

Offensive Security Wireless Professional (OSWP)

In April 2019, I took the Offensive Security Wireless Attacks (WiFu) course and the OSWP exam. (Along with PenTest+ and Microsoft 365 Fundamentials, this was my third exam in a month!) In brief, I enjoyed this. I thought the content was interesting, and the exam was actually fun (similar to an escape room). However, the […]


In September 2018, I took the (ISC)2 SSCP exam (Systems Security Certified Practitioner). This was a bit different from any of the previous exams I’ve taken: normally I would sit the exam(s), then get a qualification if I passed. In this case, the exam is only one component: you also need to be endorsed by […]