CySA+ (CS0-001)

In March 2020, I took CompTIA‚Äôs CySA+ (Cybersecurity Analyst) exam. Along with PenTest+, this bridges the gap between Security+ and CASP. In simple terms, PenTest+ is about “red team” activities (attack) whereas CySA+ is about “blue team” activities (defence). This certification was launched in 2017 as CSA+, but it was rebranded in January 2018 because […]

Palo Alto Networks Certified Cybersecurity Associate (PCCSA)

Palo Alto Networks make security products. In particular, they sell firewalls (physical and virtual), and their Panorama software will let you manage multiple firewalls centrally (e.g. for branch offices). Their certification program has 3 tiers: Entry level Administrator Engineer Palo Alto Networks offer free training for all of these, although you have to pay for […]


Cisco have offered the CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) since 1998, but it’s been through a few variations over the years. They’ve changed the syllabus and the number of exams: Year Part 1 Part 2 Combined 1998 CCNA (640-407) 2000 CCNA (640-507) 2002 CCNA (640-607) 2003 INTRO (640-821) ICND (640-811) CCNA (640-801) 2007 ICND1 (640-822) […]